Cannabis-induced psychosis is a potential adverse effect of heavy marijuana use. Cannabis may serve as a trigger in people who are at high risk of having a psychotic illness in the future, causing symptoms of psychosis that are typically related to disorders, such as schizophrenia.
Furthermore, cannabis-induced psychosis necessitates immediate medical attention to relieve the severe symptoms, accompanied by cannabis addiction therapy if that disorder is recognized by a licensed doctor or addiction expert.
In this post, we’ll look at what psychosis is and how it relates to marijuana usage.
What Is Psychosis?
Psychosis is a medical word for mental illness. It causes you to perceive the world around you in a different way than other individuals. This may include how you feel, think, and see things.
You may be able to hear or see things that others are unable to. Also, you may assume things that others do not. Some individuals characterized this as a “break from real life.”
Furthermore, psychosis is described by a variety of words, such as psychotic experience or episode. It has long been thought to be a sign of mental disease. However, this isn’t always the truth. Psychosis does not necessarily occur as a result of a mental disorder. There are several hypotheses as to why individuals develop psychosis, and we’re about to find those out.
What Is Cannabis-induced Psychosis And How Does It Affect You?
Cannabis is recognized for having a less intoxication impact than most other intoxicants. However, for a subset of marijuana users, this perception is not valid. In some individuals, marijuana-induced psychosis is a psychological disorder that may create a terrifying rupture or detachment from reality.
Additionally, psychosis is a severe and destructive mental health disease that generally necessitates immediate medical treatment, regardless of its cause. People who are having a psychotic episode might threaten themselves and others, and their symptoms may increase if they are not treated.
Though repeated or extreme cannabis consumption may trigger an outbreak of psychotic symptoms, the actual cause of marijuana-induced psychosis is unknown. According to research, individuals who have it are already at risk for developing psychotic illnesses, and cannabis usage alone is improbable to induce psychotic episodes. That is why it is critical to get medical assistance so that they can accurately identify the source of your illness since there has been a lot of studies done on this.
Indications of Cannabis-induced Psychosis
Psychotic episodes are perplexing for individuals who have them and frightening for their loved ones. The following are some of the indications of marijuana-induced psychosis:
Hallucinations. With marijuana-induced psychosis, auditory hallucinations are particularly prevalent, while visual illusions are also common.
Delusions. The sense of invincibility that comes with marijuana-induced psychosis is common.
Disconnection or depersonalization. Individuals who are psychotic feel cut off from the rest of the world and with their own thoughts and bodies.
Fear and restlessness. Anxiety psychotic symptoms may begin as severe agitation or mental unease before progressing to delusion or aggression.
Confusion. During a marijuana-induced psychotic episode, normal thought and speech patterns might become confused and distorted.
As marijuana-induced psychosis is linked to regular or severe cannabis use, there might be indications of substance use that may aid in determining the origin of the psychotic symptoms. The following are some of the signs of marijuana abuse:
- Intense drowsiness
- Changes in perception
- Red eyes
- Excessive hunger
- Dry and scratchy mouth
- Poor reflexes and coordination
- Compromised memory process
Moreover, heavy drug usage indications before or during a psychotic episode may reveal a lot about the origin of the illness.
How Can You Tell If Someone Is Suffering From Marijuana-Induced Psychosis?
Medical experts may identify marijuana-induced psychosis if:
- Psychotic signs should have appeared within a month of stopping marijuana usage or during a month after withdrawal effects have subsided.
- The signs aren’t linked to a current, existing psychological problem that may produce psychotic symptoms, particularly bipolar disorder.
- Severe hallucinations are associated with marijuana usage, although they are unrelated to delirium episodes that are produced by acute drug intoxication.
- Psychotic sensations are not episodic; they last for a long time and cause significant life disturbance.
Furthermore, health professionals must detect at least two of the following symptoms in individuals who confess to consuming marijuana for a year or more to confirm a cannabis addiction disorder:
- Relapses after prior efforts to abstain from cannabis use
- Constant abuse of marijuana
- Despite the negative personal effects, usage persists
- The use of marijuana and the recovery from its effects take a considerable period.
- Cannabis usage has been linked to risky or irresponsible conduct, such as driving when drunk.
- Marijuana consumption causes problems with day-to-day duties like attending school.
- Given the fact that the substance is creating physical and psychological health issues, it is still being used.
- The drug’s tolerance has resulted in an increase in its use.
- Cannabis cravings are experienced persistently.
- When a medication is not taken for a few hours, or longer, withdrawal effects occur.
What Are The Risk Factors And Causes Of Marijuana-induced Psychosis?
Though any dosage of cannabis might theoretically induce a psychotic episode in a susceptible individual, chronic or severe cannabis usage significantly raises the risk. Furthermore, adolescents who misuse marijuana products are more likely to have future episodes and disorders, including—but not exclusive to—marijuana-induced psychosis.
Other risk factors include:
- If you have been diagnosed with psychosis, bipolar illness, or depression in the past.
- There is a family history of drug abuse or mental illnesses.
- If you have poor maternal health and birth complications during pregnancy.
- Other forms of drug addiction.
- Previous head trauma.
- If you experience sexual, emotional, or physical abuse during childhood.
Marijuana-induced psychosis is the most frequent kind of drug-induced psychosis, which is a broader category that encompasses a variety of intoxicants that may cause users to experience psychotic manifestations. Moreover, alcohol, sedatives, amphetamines, cocaine, and hallucinogens such as LSD are among the drugs that may cause psychotic disorders.
Furthermore, cannabis usage, whether heavy or frequent, has been related to an elevated risk of depression and anxiety. Cannabis-induced psychosis will not cause anxiousness or mood problems, although it may occur in conjunction with them because marijuana users are at risk for all of them.
Moreover, suppose a mental health problem of any kind has been identified. In that case, it must be addressed in marijuana-induced psychosis therapy—and if a marijuana use disorder has been recognized, it must also be treated.