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Science Behind Cannabis-based Medicinal Products In Pediatric Epilepsies

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Many researchers are investigating the science behind cannabis-based medicinal products in pediatric epilepsies in the hopes that they may be helpful in this kind of illness. It has been a controversial subject over the last few years, not just within the health sector but also at the state and federal legislative levels. Even though it is still debatable, the usage of medical marijuana and cannabis-based medicinal products is becoming more popular with every passing year.

More lately, the use of cannabidiol products in pediatrics has generated new controversy, with pediatric physicians seeing patients who are experimenting with these products regularly. When it comes to treating epilepsy, understanding the endocannabinoid system and medical data around cannabis products can eventually assist doctors in making the best decisions for their patients.

A Brief Summary Of Pediatric Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a nerve disease that produces spontaneous seizures in children aged 1 to 5 years old. It is more prevalent in kids than in grown-ups. Seizures are not a kind of mental illness. When a kid experiences two or more seizures without a known reason, they are diagnosed with epilepsy. This disease has impacted the children and their families, which is why many researchers are researching the science behind cannabis-based medicinal products in pediatric epilepsies to find a solution to this problem. Pediatric epilepsy may be split into two groups.

  • Generalized epilepsy. Seizures damage the child’s entire brain. Muscle weakness or tenseness, staring spells, or other symptoms may occur in a kid. Also, epilepsy may be mild and go away as the kid grows up, or severe and last a lifetime.
  • Partial epilepsy. Seizures originate in a specific brain region. Similar to generalized epilepsy, the kid may jolt or twitch. It may affect emotions, thoughts, and autonomic functioning. These seizures may happen at any time of day or night, and they may be a harmless event in early infancy that your kid will overcome.

Causes

Seven out of ten children with epilepsy have no recognized etiology. Epilepsy may be hereditary or acquired owing to brain injury after birth. Epilepsy may be brought on by several circumstances, including:

  • Issues with prenatal brain development
  • Birth deficiency of oxygen
  • Severe brain damage that creates a scar
  • Following serious brain illnesses like meningitis
  • Protracted seizure accompanied by a fever
  • Stroke
  • Aspects of genetics
  • Uncommon brain structures
  • Tumor

Signs & Symptoms

The most frequent symptom of epilepsy is repeated seizures. A kid with epilepsy will have many different kinds of seizures.

  • Absence seizure- This kind of seizure causes kids to gaze or jerk their eyelids or facial muscles for a few seconds. They typically start before the age of two and last into puberty.
  • Tonic-clonic seizures- This kind of seizure causes the kid to faint and their arms and legs to stiffen, forcing them to collapse to the ground (tonic phase). A rhythmic jerking (clonic) phase follows.
  • Tonic seizures- Only the phase of a tonic-clonic is included in this seizure.
  • Myoclonic seizures- The kid has extremely short, lightning-quick twitches of anybody region without falling unconscious during this kind of seizure.
  • Atonic seizures- A rapid loss of muscular tone occurs in this kind of seizure, causing the kid to fall to the ground.

Current Research Into The Science Cannabis-based Medicinal Products In Pediatric Epilepsies

The science behind cannabis-based medicinal products in pediatric epilepsies has encouraged parents to seriously explore Cannabis-based products as a treatment option for their children who are suffering from drug-resistant epilepsy. However, physicians are hesitant to recommend Cannabis-based products owing to regulatory uncertainty and a lack of clinical evidence supporting their usage. 

Most cannabis formulations for treatment-resistant epilepsy research are limited exploratory. However, smaller trials have indicated that a variety of cannabis formulations may help reduce seizure frequency in children with treatment-resistant epilepsy, including Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet syndromes. The science behind cannabis-based medicinal products in pediatric epilepsies is increasing since many people are demanding to know if it is an effective medicine.

CBD, in both handmade and pharmaceutical-grade forms, has been proven to assist many individuals with treatment-resistant epilepsy conditions. The effectiveness of handmade CBD preparations in children with epilepsy was studied retrospectively in 108 pediatric patients. A subset of participants in the trial also got clobazam to see whether it enhanced the benefits of CBD. Overall, adding CBD reduced seizures in 39 percent of patients by 50% or more, with 10% becoming seizure-free.

The impact of CBD alone vs. CBD with clobazam was not significantly different. Individuals in the CBD group reported better alertness and verbal interactions than patients in the CBD plus clobazam group. However, simultaneous clobazam usage may add to the drowsiness observed with CBD use. 

Moreover, researchers tested CBD as a therapy for drop seizures in individuals with treatment-resistant Lennox-Gastaut syndrome at 24 clinical locations in the US, the Netherlands, and Poland. The research included 86 individuals who received therapy and 85 who received a placebo. The therapy group saw a 43.9 percent decrease in monthly atonic seizure frequency compared to 21.8 percent in the placebo group. The most frequent Epidiolex side effects were drowsiness, reduced appetite, and diarrhea.

Researchers also reviewed 36 papers on the safety and effectiveness of pharmaceutical-grade CBD in juvenile drug-resistant epilepsy. The study on the science behind cannabis-based medicinal products in pediatric epilepsies showed that a CBD dosage of 20 mg/kg/day reduced seizure frequency by 50% compared to a placebo. Quality of life increased in 55.8% of patients, whereas CBD-related severe adverse events occurred in just 2.2% of patients. Researchers also found that eight individuals were required to be treated to achieve a 50% decrease in seizures. 

Conclusion

Antiepileptic medicines are often ineffective in treating pediatric epilepsy. Medical cannabis has saved the lives of several pediatric epileptic sufferers. While more study is needed to guarantee the safety of medicinal cannabis products, evidence is emerging to support their usage in mainstream medicine.

Moreover, the science behind cannabis-based medicinal products in pediatric epilepsies is currently being explored. Many people think that cannabis-based products will provide relief from their illnesses.

 

Cannabis Relation To Heart Attack: Studies About Cannabis

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Cannabis, whether smoked, vaped, or eaten as a consumable, can dramatically raise the cannabis relation to a heart attack. According to a study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, individuals below 45 years of age who ingested cannabis in the previous 30 days had almost double the risk of heart attacks than those who did nothing.

According to the World Health Organization, cannabis is a psychoactive preparation of the Marijuana Sativa plant, whose psychoactive ingredient is tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. Researchers examined health data from over 33 thousand people aged 18 to 44 who took part in surveys conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States from 2017 to 2018. Only 0.8 percent of non-cannabis users experienced a heart attack after using marijuana in the previous month, compared to 17 percent of cannabis users.

Potential To Cause An Abnormal Heartbeat

The research did not look at the cannabis relation to a heart attack. However, past studies have shown that the medication might alter a user’s heart rate. If a person’s heartbeat becomes irregular, the amount of oxygen required by the heart increases. Cannabis, on the other hand, can reduce the quantity of oxygen supplied to the heart.

Cannabis In The Modern Day Is Highly Potent

Cannabis sold now is also far more overwhelming than cannabis sold in the previous 50 years. Many individuals are unaware that marijuana can interact negatively with other medicines. Cannabis, like most other medicines, is processed inside the liver, which means it might interfere with a variety of cardiovascular treatments, such as blood thinners.

The American Heart Association’s research also outlines the possible advantage of taking cannabis for pain treatment and other medicinal uses, and the risks must not be overlooked. Users of cannabis and their healthcare professionals should weigh the hazards and advantages of marijuana in their unique situations. In any dosage, the AHA does not advocate vaping cannabis or smoking. Researchers found a link between vaping and stroke that connects to lung damage or disease.

 In the last decade, marijuana usage throughout the United States has roughly doubled, and experts are only now learning about the cardiovascular risks of frequent use. As marijuana becomes more widely available in the United States, experts are investigating the link between cannabis relation to heart attacks among heavy users. For regular smokers, the results are discouraging.

 According to new data conducted by the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions on Nov. 16 to18 in Philadelphia, teenage marijuana users are nearly three times more likely than non-users to suffer a stroke. Individuals having cannabis use disorder had a 50 % higher chance of becoming admitted for cardiac arrhythmias. Based on the study, which will be an issue of the journal Strokes.

 More evidence is accumulating that cannabis has harmful cardiovascular consequences, including stroke, arrhythmias, and heart attack. You need to have a better knowledge of the dangers connected with the usage of cannabis. Because cannabis is becoming more commonly utilized.

The research team had to use pooled statistics from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. A nationally representative cross-sectional survey was performed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to investigate a total number of 43,860 young adults to verify the cannabis relation to heart attacks (49.9 % male, on the other hand, 50.1 % female).

In total, 13.6% said they had used cannabis in the previous month. Studies discovered that young individuals who had just used cannabis had approximately doubled the risk of stroke as non-users. The risk was 2.5 times greater for regular users, defined as those who smoked cannabis ten days more frequently than per month. But when compared to non-users, the risk of stroke was approximately three times greater in regular marijuana users who also smoked a cigarette or e-cigarettes.

Since the research was observational, the experts attempted to account for several characteristics that can influence stroke risk. It includes other health behaviors, drug usage, income, and education level, and related comorbidities.

According to Rupak Desai, MBBS, a research associate in the department of cardiology at the Atlanta VA Medical Center, the initial results of this observational research might constitute a wake-up call, at least for young heavy cannabis users.

Hospitalizations For Marijuana Use Disorder

In a separate study, the researchers measured 570,556 arrhythmias in patients aged 15 to 54 from the National Inpatient Samples of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. They discovered that people with a diagnosis of marijuana use disorder (regular, obsessive use of cannabis) were 50 % more likely than non-users to be admitted for an arrhythmia.

Though CUD was much more frequent in white males between the ages of 45 to 54, young African American males (aged 15 to 24 years old) experiencing CUD had the highest chance of becoming hospitalized for arrhythmia.

While several arrhythmias are harmless, some can be fatal or life-threatening. The impact of cannabis use may be felt in as little as 15 minutes and continue for up to 3 hours. It is related to a fast pulse at lower dosages. It is linked to a too-slow pulse at larger doses.

Researchers Agree That More Studies Are Needed

The recent study is noteworthy, but Tompkins points out that they are both observational studies. Because both trials include big populations with a wide range of comorbidity and some other healthcare variables, there could be a variety of comorbidities or other healthcare factors at play. Further prospective randomized trials are needed to determine the genuine impact of cannabis concerning heart attack.

Until more detailed data and outcomes are obtained in related future trials, we must view the study as a critical initial step in recognizing adolescent cannabis consumers who are still at elevated risk for cardiovascular events.

Part of the issue is a reluctance among cannabis users and scientists to examine all sides of a story. There is a lack of data about the processes underlying these clinical findings. For us to get to the core of all this, the science world has to pay greater attention to marijuana use. 

Conclusion

Cannabis is beneficial to both our bodies and minds. It offers a variety of advantages that allow us to relax and enjoy our lives. Overuse, on the other hand, can be harmful and can lead to addiction. According to research, excessive cannabis usage among young adults is connected to an increased risk of a heart attack.

Cannabis For Young Adults: What are its Impact to Young Smokers?

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Increased legalization and medical usage have resulted in a substantial increase in worldwide cannabis use. Even though it’s legal, cannabis for young adults must be prohibited. We have observed an increase in the number of case reports reporting adverse cardiovascular events, particularly cannabis-induced myocardial infarction, resulting from this trend (MI). There are, nevertheless, significant knowledge gaps on this subject among health care professionals. This review seeks to offer doctors an up-to-date overview of the current research and practical suggestions…

What Is Cannabis?

Cannabis refers to a collection of three psychotropic plants: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. When the blooms of these plants are plucked and dried, you are left for one of the world’s most commonly used medicines. Some people call it pot, some call it weed, and still, others call it marijuana.

Cannabis is the world’s most commonly misused illegal drug. The World Health Organization reported in 2013 that over 180 million individuals worldwide used cannabis for recreational reasons. Current figures are likely to be considerably higher as more nations legalize marijuana and its therapeutic usage grows.

Cannabis is often taken for its sedative and soothing properties. It is also prescribed to treat various medical problems in certain areas in the United States, including chronic pain, glaucoma, and low appetite.

Remember that, even though cannabis is derived from a plant and is deemed natural, it may nevertheless have powerful effects, both good and negative.

Cannabis For Young Adults

There are no easy explanations for how cannabis usage affects young adult’s brains, bodies, relationships, and prospects. Why? Because individuals are complicated creatures, as are our decisions and behaviors.

Even if you have little knowledge of pharmaceuticals, you probably know more about the significant problems than you believe. Most individuals, for example, instinctively grasp that all medicines may be both beneficial and harmful. Even drugs prescribed by a doctor may be detrimental, mainly if not used correctly. When it comes to cannabis, nearly everyone knows someone who has had a good time or benefited in some other manner from taking it or other drugs. Similarly, almost everyone knows someone who has had a negative experience.

We discovered a large number of reports reporting cannabis-induced MI. This was particularly common in young, healthy individuals who presented soon after usage. Among the most commonly proposed reasons were altered platelet function, vasospasm, increased autonomic activity, and direct toxic effects of smoke elements. However, the actual etiology is most likely complex. In young patients presenting with chest discomfort, we should raise our pretest likelihood for MI. We also advise avoiding using cannabis in individuals who have known coronary artery disease, particularly if they have stable angina. Finally, if patients insist on using cannabis, health care professionals should advise against smoking cannabis, avoiding concurrent cigarette use, and utilizing the lowest delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol dosage feasible. As a result, additional clinical studies are required to establish a clear cause-and-effect connection.

Cannabis Can Cause Myocardial Infarction

An increasing number of published case reports have shown cannabis-induced adverse cardiovascular outcomes, including myocardial infarction, in addition to higher THC concentrations and more significant cannabis usage (MI). Such instances have mostly been recorded in young, otherwise healthy individuals who appear soon after using the substance.

Myocardial infarction is the most severe illness we can get by using cannabis. Most people are aware of that. If that illness reaches its severity, it may cause your death. The study examined data from a study performed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which included over 33,000 individuals aged 18 to 44, with 17% reporting cannabis usage in the previous 30 days. Myocardial infarction, or heart attack, was found to be “more frequent among recent cannabis users compared to non-users,” indicating that cannabis for young adults who smoked more than four times each month raised their risk of a heart attack.

Cannabis usage in the United States is increasing as legalization expands. It has been shown that the risk of Myocardial Infarction (MI) is five times higher in the first hour following cannabis usage. Diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia are all traditional risk factors for MI. The increasing use of cannabis may have resulted in the inclusion of cannabis as a new MI risk factor on the list. This review addresses the rising use of cannabis and its possible connection to MI, emphasizing the shared pathogenic theories that link these potential risks.

According to CNN, some of the increased danger may be down to cannabis products growing stronger in recent years, with new cannabis strains generating “dramatic increases in THC [tetrahydrocannabinol] content.”

We carried out a transversal study based on the 2017 and 2018 cohorts survey performed by the United States Behavioral Risk Factor Monitoring System. We used a weighted logistic regression model that accounted for demographic variables, socioeconomic factors, health-related behaviors, concurrent drug use, and other comorbidities to examine the relationship between cannabis use and a history of MI. We also looked at this relationship after stratifying it by frequency of usage and the primary intake mode.

The Reasons Why Young People Try Use Cannabis

Young people, like teens, are curious about everything in this society. Many young people use cannabis drugs for some reason;

To feel good. To feel celebrate, relax, and be more sociable, young people may use cannabis. Moderate cannabis usage is linked with feeling happy. There is still some danger, as there is in all aspects of life.

To feel better. Cannabis may assist in alleviating anxiety in social settings or while attempting to interact with people and help signs of persistent anxiety or depression. If young individuals use cannabis regularly to cope with unpleasant emotions, their usage might be harmful.

To do better. Some young individuals are under tension to enhance their achievement, “get going,” or “stay going.”

To explore. Young individuals, in particular, may use cannabis out of curiosity or to “experience something new and unusual.”

Conclusion

Thus, this study offers an in-depth examination of cannabis-induced MI, emphasizing age of presentation, route, and timing of cannabis intake, clinical outcomes, and hypothesized pathophysiological processes. This review implicates cannabis for young adults as a risk factor for MI and offers practical suggestions for health care providers in their day-to-day practice. This research does not address other previously documented cardiovascular effects, such as abrupt heart failure, ischemic stroke, and peripheral vascular disease.

Cannabis Legalization In Africa: Does it Have Good Or Bad Impact?

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The possibility for much-needed income and the effect of the Covid-19 epidemic is driving the idea of cannabis legalization in Africa, which was unthinkable less than a decade ago. Generations of Africans experienced the wrath of the colonial period and the moral legislation about the use of cannabis. People are imprisoned, driven into the underground, or destroyed by their livelihood if they participated in the culture and sale of marijuana. However, as governments seek new income streams, this formerly restricted sector is finally opening, albeit not always for smallholder farmers or local consumers.

Reforms on the continent are being aided by trends through Western markets, where legalization is quickly expanding, and the possibility of profiting from a fast-growing multibillion-dollar industry. At least ten African nations have passed legislation governing the commodity, with many more considering doing so.

Is Cannabis Legalization In Africa Good Or Bad?

According to the NHS, people have been using marijuana or cannabis to treat diseases for at minimum 3000 years. The FDA, on either hand, does not consider marijuana to be an appropriate or effective therapy for any medical condition. In June 2018, cannabidiol, a constituent of marijuana, was authorized as a treatment for some types of epilepsy. This conflict, which exists between the widespread perception that cannabis is an effective therapy for various illnesses and an absence of scientific understanding about its effects, has recently been compounded by a push for legalization.

Marijuana is now legalized in twenty-nine federal recognition counties for medical — and, in some areas, adult — use. Marijuana use is on the rise in the United States, according to a new study published in the journal Addiction. This increase, however, may not be linked to cannabis legalization in Africa as well as other countries. Despite this, the increasing use is causing serious public health issues. In this post, we look at the scientific evidence contrasting marijuana’s therapeutic benefits to its associated health risks to answer the big question: is cannabis beneficial or bad?

What Are Marijuana’s Medicinal Advantages?

Research has shown throughout the years that cannabis may be beneficial when it comes to the treatment of certain illnesses. The following is a list of them.

Chronic Pain

Last year, Engineering, National Academies of Sciences and Medicine published a comprehensive study examining over 10,000 scientific research on marijuana’s medicinal advantages and drawbacks. One of the issues addressed in detail in the research was the use of medical marijuana to treat chronic pain. Over 25 million individuals suffer from chronic pain, which is the leading risk factor. The review showed that chronic pain is supported well by marijuana or cannabinoid-containing goods — the active components of the marijuana or other chemicals that operate on the same target in the head as marijuana.

Alcoholism And Drug Addiction

In a thorough review of data published last year in the Clinical Psychology Review, individuals with alcohol or opiate addiction may be helped by marijuana to control their habits. This conclusion, however, is controversial; per the National Academies of Sciences, cannabis use increases the risk of abusing and getting addicted to other substances. Furthermore, the more marijuana a person consumes, the more likely they will establish a marijuana addiction. Individuals who started smoking marijuana at an early age are also recognized as at a higher risk of acquiring a marijuana addiction.

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, And Social Anxiety

The study, which was published in Clinical Psychology Review, examined all the scientific evidence on the use of cannabis to treat mental disorder concerns. However, they are warning that cannabis is not a suitable therapy for other mental health diseases, such as bipolar illness and psychosis.

The research indicates that cannabis may assist with anxiety sensitivity, but the Engineering, National Academies of Science and Medicine review contradicts this, finding that regular cannabis smokers may be at a greater risk of social anxiety.

Cancer

Oral cannabinoids were shown to assist with chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, as well as some preliminary studies have shown that smoked cannabis may also help with similar symptoms. Specific cancer cell research indicates that cannabis may either delay or stop the development of some cancers. Early human trials, on the other hand, showed that even though cannabinoids are indeed a safe therapy, they are ineffective at treating or curing cancer.

Multiple Sclerosis

The use of oral cannabis for a short period has been found to decrease spasticity symptoms in people with multiple sclerosis, but the advantages are minor.

What Are The Health Consequences Of Marijuana?

The multitude of research that has shown unfavorable connections between marijuana usage and health are on the opposite end of the spectrum. Nevertheless, here are some of the consequences:

Mental Health Problems

Marijuana usage daily is thought to worsen the symptoms of bipolar illness in individuals who already have it. The Engineering, National Academies of Sciences, and Medical research, on the other hand, claims that there is no evidence of a link between marijuana usage and the emergence of bipolar disorder in those who have never had it. Frequent cannabis users are much more likely to attempt suicide. There is a slightly elevated prevalence of suicide among marijuana users, according to moderate evidence.

Testicular Cancer

Although there is no evidence that marijuana usage increases the incidence of most cancers, the National Academies of Sciences found evidence that marijuana use increases the risk of testicular cancer’s slow seminoma subtypes.

Respiratory Disease

The elevated risk of persistent cough, although it is not apparent if smoking marijuana aggravates the performance of the lung or leads to excessive chronic pulmonary obstruction or asthma. According to a 2014 research. A study published in Trusted Source that looked at the connection between marijuana usage and lung illness concluded that smoking marijuana might cause lung cancer. Still, solid evidence linking the two has been challenging to come across.

Conclusion

Cannabis legalization in Africa seems ideally positioned to serve the increasing European market for medicinal cannabis, given its good climate and closeness to Europe. Warm temperatures, fertile soil, and enough sunlight on the continent may help it compete with established cannabis powerhouses. In contrast to Canada and the Netherlands, where the cold environment necessitates the cultivation of cannabis in resource-intensive conservatories, cannabis in Africa may be produced in open fields. Despite the thriving cannabis growing business in their own countries, many American and Canadian firms have either established or indicated an interest in establishing farms and processing facilities on the continent.

Where Does Weed Come From? A New Study Suggests East Asia

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Many of you may be wondering, “Where does weed come from?” According to a new study, the marijuana plants plant was first cultivated in East Asia. All current breeds are descended from an “ancient genetic diversity” of cultivated and wild kinds currently found in China.

Marijuana, sometimes known as weed, has been used by humans for thousands of years. Most ancient societies grew the plant for medicinal purposes, most probably commencing around 500 BC in East Asia. Moreover, marijuana production in the United States can be traced back to the early colonies, which farmed cannabis for fabrics and rope. Hemp was also criminalized in the U.S due to political and societal issues in the twentieth century, while its legal standing is evolving in so many regions.

In this article, we will investigate where does weed comes from based on the findings of a recent study.  But first, let’s go through what weed is and why it’s used.

What Is Weed?

Cannabis is the dried leaves and flowers of the marijuana plant, commonly known as weed, dope, or pot. It incorporates both psychoactive compounds, such as THC, and non-psychoactive components like CBD.  

Furthermore, due to its properties, cannabis has been used for both recreational and medical purposes.

How Is Weed Used?

Cannabis can be used in a variety of ways, each of which has a particular effect on users. Besides, weed can be rolled like a cigarette or consumed like a blunt. It can also be consumed in a pipe as well. Users may sometimes put it in their food and consume it, or they will boil it as tea. Marijuana-based smoking oils, extracts, and concentrates are also becoming more popular. Moreover, these methods are referred to as “dabbing” by those who utilize them.

Furthermore, marijuana’s effects on a user, as any substance, are based on a variety of circumstances, such as the person’s prior history with the drug or other substances, genes, race, how the drug is used, and its potency.

Is It Safe To Take Weed As Medicine?

Chemicals found in cannabis may aid in the management of symptoms associated with a variety of medical conditions. More countries are legalizing the use of the plant as a remedy for specific ailments. However, there isn’t enough evidence to suggest that the plant is effective in treating or curing these ailments. In addition, the cannabis plant has not been acknowledged or approved by the FDA as a medication.

Besides that, weed can possibly harm your respiratory and cardiovascular system since it is inhaled or smoked. It may also be more dangerous as a treatment because of these and other detrimental consequences on the body and brain. Another issue with marijuana as a treatment is that the chemicals differ from one plant to another. So, if you’re thinking of using cannabis as a medicine, talk to your doctor first.

Effects Of Weed

Marijuana’s mental and physical adverse effects are largely to blame for its fluctuating legal position. Increased sensory sensitivity, euphoria, and increased appetite are some of the short-term impacts.

While most people get a pleasant “high” from cannabis, others may feel anxious, fearful, or panicked. And when a person consumes too much weed, negative effects are more likely to occur.

In recent times, the level of THC in cannabis—the component accountable for the drug’s efficacy increased considerably. Besides, the average THC concentration of confiscated cannabis was around 4% in the 1990s. By 2014, it had risen to around 12%, with some strains of marijuana boasting THC levels as high as 37%.

Cannabis Has Changed Significantly

Many people wonder where does weed comes from. According to a recent study, the marijuana or hemp plant developed in East Asia before being introduced to Europe, Africa, and the US. Linen, paper, ships, and rope were all made from hemp fiber, and the seeds were eaten.

The usage of cannabis as a recreational drug expanded as hemp’s usefulness as a global supply of fabrics, food, and oil depleted in the twentieth century, according to the new study. However, since the plant is prohibited in many nations, there are still “significant gaps” in understanding regarding its cultivation history.

Furthermore, cannabis was commonly cultivated across colonial America and at Spanish missionaries in the Southwest since it is a fast-growing plant that is simple to manage and has several applications. Growers were compelled to produce marijuana in the early 1600s in Massachusetts, Virginia, and Connecticut provinces.

The ingredient essential for cannabis psychoactive effects, THC, was found in very limited levels in these early weed plants. There’s an indication that ancient societies were aware of the weed plant’s psychotropic effects. They might well have bred some strains to generate better THC levels to be used in religious rituals or healing practices.

From as soon as 500 BC, smoked cannabis seeds are being discovered in the remains of shamans in Siberia and China.

Ultimately, cannabis has evolved substantially, and you can now obtain a wide range of weed varieties with varying potencies and types.

Conclusion

Humans have been using the cannabis plant for thousands of years. In reality, since it is initially used, it has been prohibited for much less than 1% of the total. While the exact origins of marijuana are unknown, according to a new study, researchers have been able to gain a greater extent of knowledge about it in recent years.

Besides, according to them, marijuana has been produced and consumed for at least 12,000 years, but new evidence reveals it was first utilized 30,000 years ago. It had a nearly continuous run across history since almost every community acknowledged the plant’s recreational and medical properties.

Unfortunately, after centuries of harmless use, cannabis has abruptly become Hell in the supposedly “advanced” modern world. Cannabis has not been considered safe and is still prohibited in several states. Given the fact that there is insufficient data to support the benefits of cannabis, users and other research suggest that it can manage symptoms.

What Is Cannabis-induced Psychosis And How Does It Affect You?

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Cannabis-induced Psychosis
Cannabis-induced Psychosis

Cannabis-induced psychosis is a potential adverse effect of heavy marijuana use. Cannabis may serve as a trigger in people who are at high risk of having a psychotic illness in the future, causing symptoms of psychosis that are typically related to disorders, such as schizophrenia.

Furthermore, cannabis-induced psychosis necessitates immediate medical attention to relieve the severe symptoms, accompanied by cannabis addiction therapy if that disorder is recognized by a licensed doctor or addiction expert.

In this post, we’ll look at what psychosis is and how it relates to marijuana usage.

What Is Psychosis?

Psychosis is a medical word for mental illness. It causes you to perceive the world around you in a different way than other individuals. This may include how you feel, think, and see things.

You may be able to hear or see things that others are unable to. Also, you may assume things that others do not.  Some individuals characterized this as a “break from real life.” 

Furthermore, psychosis is described by a variety of words, such as psychotic experience or episode. It has long been thought to be a sign of mental disease. However, this isn’t always the truth. Psychosis does not necessarily occur as a result of a mental disorder. There are several hypotheses as to why individuals develop psychosis, and we’re about to find those out.

What Is Cannabis-induced Psychosis And How Does It Affect You?

Cannabis is recognized for having a less intoxication impact than most other intoxicants. However, for a subset of marijuana users, this perception is not valid. In some individuals, marijuana-induced psychosis is a psychological disorder that may create a terrifying rupture or detachment from reality.

Additionally, psychosis is a severe and destructive mental health disease that generally necessitates immediate medical treatment, regardless of its cause.  People who are having a psychotic episode might threaten themselves and others, and their symptoms may increase if they are not treated.

Though repeated or extreme cannabis consumption may trigger an outbreak of psychotic symptoms, the actual cause of marijuana-induced psychosis is unknown. According to research, individuals who have it are already at risk for developing psychotic illnesses, and cannabis usage alone is improbable to induce psychotic episodes. That is why it is critical to get medical assistance so that they can accurately identify the source of your illness since there has been a lot of studies done on this.

Indications of Cannabis-induced Psychosis

Psychotic episodes are perplexing for individuals who have them and frightening for their loved ones. The following are some of the indications of marijuana-induced psychosis:

Hallucinations. With marijuana-induced psychosis, auditory hallucinations are particularly prevalent, while visual illusions are also common.

Delusions. The sense of invincibility that comes with marijuana-induced psychosis is common.

Disconnection or depersonalization. Individuals who are psychotic feel cut off from the rest of the world and with their own thoughts and bodies.

Fear and restlessness.  Anxiety psychotic symptoms may begin as severe agitation or mental unease before progressing to delusion or aggression.

Confusion. During a marijuana-induced psychotic episode, normal thought and speech patterns might become confused and distorted.

As marijuana-induced psychosis is linked to regular or severe cannabis use, there might be indications of substance use that may aid in determining the origin of the psychotic symptoms. The following are some of the signs  of marijuana abuse:

  • Intense drowsiness
  • Euphoria
  • Changes in perception
  • Red eyes
  • Excessive hunger
  • Dry and scratchy mouth
  • Poor reflexes and coordination
  • Compromised memory process

Moreover, heavy drug usage indications before or during a psychotic episode may reveal a lot about the origin of the illness.

How Can You Tell If Someone Is Suffering From Marijuana-Induced Psychosis?

Medical experts may identify marijuana-induced psychosis if:

  • Psychotic signs should have appeared within a month of stopping marijuana usage or during a month after withdrawal effects have subsided.
  • The signs aren’t linked to a current, existing psychological problem that may produce psychotic symptoms, particularly bipolar disorder.
  • Severe hallucinations are associated with marijuana usage, although they are unrelated to delirium episodes that are produced by acute drug intoxication.
  • Psychotic sensations are not episodic; they last for a long time and cause significant life disturbance.

Furthermore, health professionals must detect at least two of the following symptoms in individuals who confess to consuming marijuana for a year or more to confirm a cannabis addiction disorder:

  • Relapses after prior efforts to abstain from cannabis use
  • Constant abuse of marijuana
  • Despite the negative personal effects, usage persists
  • The use of marijuana and the recovery from its effects take a considerable period.
  • Cannabis usage has been linked to risky or irresponsible conduct, such as driving when drunk.
  • Marijuana consumption causes problems with day-to-day duties like attending school.  
  • Given the fact that the substance is creating physical and psychological health issues, it is still being used.
  • The drug’s tolerance has resulted in an increase in its use.
  • Cannabis cravings are experienced persistently.
  • When a medication is not taken for a few hours, or longer, withdrawal effects occur.

What Are The Risk Factors And Causes Of Marijuana-induced Psychosis?

Though any dosage of cannabis might theoretically induce a psychotic episode in a susceptible individual, chronic or severe cannabis usage significantly raises the risk. Furthermore, adolescents who misuse marijuana products are more likely to have future episodes and disorders, including—but not exclusive to—marijuana-induced psychosis.

Other risk factors include:

  • If you have been diagnosed with psychosis, bipolar illness, or depression in the past.
  • There is a family history of drug abuse or mental illnesses.
  • If you have poor maternal health and birth complications during pregnancy.
  • Other forms of drug addiction.
  • Previous head trauma.
  • If you experience sexual, emotional, or physical abuse during childhood.

Conclusion

Marijuana-induced psychosis is the most frequent kind of drug-induced psychosis, which is a broader category that encompasses a variety of intoxicants that may cause users to experience psychotic manifestations.  Moreover, alcohol, sedatives, amphetamines, cocaine,  and hallucinogens such as LSD are among the drugs that may cause psychotic disorders.

Furthermore, cannabis usage, whether heavy or frequent, has been related to an elevated risk of depression and anxiety. Cannabis-induced psychosis will not cause anxiousness or mood problems, although it may occur in conjunction with them because marijuana users are at risk for all of them.

Moreover, suppose a mental health problem of any kind has been identified. In that case, it must be addressed in marijuana-induced psychosis therapy—and if a marijuana use disorder has been recognized, it must also be treated.

Coronavirus and Cannabis: Can CBD Treat Covid-19?

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The global pandemic has taken a toll on people’s mental health. Adding to the fear of contracting the COVID-19, people have also been stressed over job insecurity, being separated from their loved ones, and adjusting to a new lifestyle. Facing new realities of telecommuting, homeschooling, and the lack of staying indoors most of the time, people have become inventive in coping with stress and mental exhaustion. While others turn to develop hobbies, some turn to cannabis to de-stress and blow off some steam. 

Increased Cannabis Consumption during Pandemic

The growing number of countries that legalize marijuana has encouraged people to smoke weed recreationally. More so, regular cannabis users are consuming more frequently. Cannabis Center of Excellence and UMass Dartmouth’s surveyed 346 people. The study showed that 49% use more cannabis since the pandemic began. Respondents shared that cannabis helps deal with mental issues such as anxiety and depression as well as chronic and severe pain. From those surveyed, 7% revealed they contracted the virus, while 12% had manifested the symptoms. Over 60% shared feeling worried about getting the virus and 36% feeling anxious about losing their job. In a separate study, more than one-third of Canadians who are cannabis users have upped their consumption during the pandemic. 

According to a new Statistics Canada report, 34% of those who had previously consumed marijuana has shared they increased their usage during the pandemic. They revealed that stress, boredom, and loneliness were among the reasons they increased their usage. More so, they also shared that convenience, ease of access and declining health conditions have also led to increased consumption. Sales of regulated cannabis have increased by 120% last year compared to the sales in 2019. 

The Risk of Cannabis Consumption during the Covid 19 pandemic

According to the American Lung Association chief medical officer, marijuana users are exposing themselves to possible Covid 19 complications. Even smoking occasionally can improve the risk of complications from Covid-19. Regular marijuana smoking can damage the lungs over time. The lungs could look like having chronic bronchitis, AKA Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease or COPD. It may be hard for the doctor to diagnose your symptoms, especially when you cough from cannabis smoking. Since dry cough is one of the Covid-19 symptoms, any cough could be attributed to Covid-19, making it hard to diagnose. More so, people with COPD, lung diseases and asthma are more vulnerable to experiencing severe illness from Covid-19. 

Can cannabis help treat COVID-19?

Although it’s been said that marijuana users are more vulnerable to the risk of Covid-19, scientists have explored the possibility of cannabis in treating the virus. It is important to note that cannabinoids found in cannabis can either help or harm Covid-19 patients depending on the stage of the disease. Patients should have an immune response to fight the virus in its early stages. For patients in the late stages of Covid-19, they develop a cytokine storm. Cytokine storm is when the body goes through an extreme surge in proinflammatory cytokines. A type of cannabis called 

C.Sativa was found to reduce multiple cytokines and pathways connected to inflammation and fibrosis. The cannabinoid-prompted bronchial enlargement along with the endocannabinoids found in the respiratory system suggest a potential therapeutic effect in treating respiratory diseases including Covid-19. In the study conducted, CBD showed partial or total reversal of the lung damage including scarring, swelling, and tissue overgrowth. Consequently, whole-plant cannabis extracts have also been found to minimize blood coagulation in animals. Cannabis may be useful in managing altered blood coagulation as part of the Covid-19 symptoms. The pain-relieving and anxiety reduction therapeutic properties of cannabis can also help Covid-19 patients cope with the virus. 

Conclusion

Cannabis has therapeutic properties that could potentially help Covid-19 patients cope with the virus. However, further research is still needed to support cannabis’ role in treating coronavirus. 

 

Why Cannabis is Still Banned in the Olympics?

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Marijuana use among athletes has yet again stirred discussions since the disqualification of the 21-year-old track star Sha’Carri Richardson from the Summer Olympic Games in Tokyo due to a positive marijuana test. Her disqualification has sparked mixed reactions as Richardson explained she used cannabis to deal with the loss of her biological mom and not for a performance boost.

Richardson’s used marijuana in Oregon where it is legal. The Olympics trial was also held in Oregon. While legal in Oregon, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) considers marijuana and other cannabinoids as banned substances in competition. The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) shared that they are following the rules imposed by WADA although scientists shared that the pieces of evidence supporting marijuana’s performance are insufficient.

On the contrary, the evidence actually showed how marijuana affects athletic performance negatively.

Why is weed banned in the Olympics?

It is still a wonder why cannabis is banned in the Olympics given that it is legal in many US states and countries. After plenty of doping scandals, WADA focused on ending doping in sports in the world. WADA came up with a list of banned substances in 2004 when cannabis is still stigmatized and illegal in almost all countries in the world. The agency came up with three criteria to ban substances. A substance is prohibited if they meet at least two of the criteria:

  • Potentially harm the health of the athlete
  • Boost athlete’s performance
  • Ruins the “spirit of sport”

When PBS NewsHour asked why cannabis is banned, WADA answered through email that they don’t “publish which criteria each substance or method fulfills when publishing the [banned substance] List.” THC is considered a “substance of abuse” by anti-doping agencies along with heroin, meth, and cocaine.

Prior to the creation of the prohibited substance list, Canadian snowboarder Ross Rebagliati’s gold medal was withdrawn after testing positive. Since there is no official rule against cannabis, the gold medal was returned.

A few of the athletes in the past had faced the consequences of this rule. Michael Phelps was banned from competition after a picture of him smoking from a bong surfaced. US Sprinter John Capel was banned from competing after testing positive in 2006.

Can Cannabis Improve Athletic Performance?

Now that cannabis has become more accessible and becoming the norm, more people are turning to cannabis before or after working out. But can it boost athletic performance? Referring to a study that marijuana can ease anxiety, WADA explained how cannabis can help athletes perform better under pressure and ease the stress before and during competition.

Evidence that points to cannabis’ ability to boost an athlete’s performance is scant. There were a few studies conducted a few years back but it’s been limited as it was challenging to run controlled cannabis studies due to federal limitations.

In a survey conducted, respondents shared that using cannabis before working out made exercise more enjoyable. In that survey, researchers suggested that certain chemicals may be responsible for making the exercise more enjoyable. The rush some people feel when working out could be attributed to the release of endorphins, a feel-good brain chemical in the brain. However, this hypothesis needs further studies as people have still experienced euphoria during a workout even when taking opioid-blocking drugs. Furthermore, the study suggested that cannabis may help users to kick start the feel-good feelings. Nevertheless, there is still no direct evidence connecting cannabis and improved performance.

How long does cannabis last in the body?

Marijuana’s THC, the main psychoactive compound in cannabis that produces the high sensation is detectable for 90 days in hair, and a month or longer in urine, up to 48 hours in saliva, and up to 36 hours in the blood. Regular marijuana users can have traces of marijuana for 3 months or longer.

Last 2019, WADA removed CBD (cannabidiol) from the banned list amidst it being illegal in some countries. The rules relating to marijuana use have changed with medical and recreational marijuana rules being less restrictive. Athletes can compete with up to 150 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL) of marijuana in their system. The change in rules can be confusing considering that WADA still included marijuana on their prohibited substance list. In summary, athletes may have traces of marijuana in their system during competition. They can indulge before or after the Olympic Games but they absolutely cannot enjoy weed during the competition. Athletes can face suspension up to two years and a minimum of 30-day suspension if an athlete “can establish that the use of a substance of abuse was out-of-competition and unrelated to sport performance” and “if the athlete successfully completes a substance abuse program that is approved by USADA.”

10 benefits of cannabis for skin

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cannabis for skincare
cannabis for skincare

According to some, cannabidiol was a part of Queen Cleopatra’s skincare and beauty regime. Whether it is true or not, the therapeutic uses of cannabis can be extended to skin or hair care don’t seem surprising. These days, more and more dermatology companies are coming up with cannabis-based skin, hair care treatments and beauty products. In this post, we limit our discussion to cannabis for skincare and point out how the magic herb can improve the health of your skin. 

10 benefits of cannabis for skincare routine

Many dermatologists and beauty experts all over the world believe that cannabis is good for the skin. It is currently a major trend in the global beauty products industry where investment into organic and natural, sustainable skin and hair care products has grown over the last few years. There are now tons of cannabinoid (mostly CBD) infused lotions, salves, balms, creams, and oils for skin which have become extremely popular among customers all over the world and for good reason.

Let’s take a look at the 10 greatest benefits of cannabis for skincare. 

  1. Great moisturizer 

According to a 2014 scientific study, there are active compounds in cannabis which promote oil production in our skin. Cannabidiol or CBD has been found to have a positive effect on the sebaceous glands which regulate the oil production of our skin. As many skincare experts now suggest, CBD topicals or oils can be very effective in treating dry, flaky and itchy skin. 

  1. Soothes skin

The anti-inflammatory properties of CBD can be equally helpful for soothing sensitive skin by reducing swelling and redness. As Joshua Zeichner, a New York based dermatologist, says, ‘CBD binds to a special set of receptors in the skin known as TRPV-1 receptors, where it can help feelings of heat, itch or pain. This explains why it has a soothing effect on skin’. The anti-inflammatory and analgesic nature of cannabis also helps alleviate soreness in the skin resulting from bug bites, sunburn or other environmental stressors.  

  1. Packed with vitamins and omega fatty acids good for the skin

According to experts, cannabis contains vitamins A and D which boost the protective shield of our skin by contributing to cell regeneration. The vitamins also protect the skin from the harmful rays of the sun, smoke and other pollutants or toxins. The omega fatty acids present in cannabis are also very useful for an effective skincare regime. Besides their other benefits, the omega fatty acids are particularly good for providing hydration to the skin cells.   

  1. Antioxidant properties good for healthy skin 

Cannabis also comes with amazing antioxidant properties. One study claims that CBD is a more effective antioxidant than vitamin C or E. By neutralizing the free radicals causing damage to the cells of our skin, the antioxidant properties of cannabis protects the health of our skin. 

  1. Slows down skin aging

It is the antioxidant properties of cannabis that make it very useful in fighting the aging process of our skin. Both THC and CBD can be very effective in diminishing the fine lines, wrinkles, dullness, ruddy tone and dark spots of your skin which are common signs of the aging of your skin cells. The cannabinoids protect the collagen and elastin in the skin from damage by free radicals and thereby maintain the youthful look and elasticity of your skin. A recent study found that CBD facial serums enhanced the freshness of the skin and reduced wrinkles in 85% of the participants.  

  1. Has anti-psoriasis properties

According to a study, by inhibiting the buildup of dead skin cells cannabis can alleviate psoriasis. Also, it has great anti-inflammatory properties which can be helpful in treating the painful red patches of the skin which is a common symptom of the skin disease. Although more clinical researches are needed in this respect, so far the anecdotal evidence presents a highly promising case. 

  1. A remedy for eczema 

Many years ago, Dr. Granger Piffard, one of the founders of American dermatology and the author of the first textbook on dermatological therapy, wrote that ‘a pill of cannabis indica at bedtime on my hands, sometimes afforded relief to the intolerable itching of eczema’. Now, the National Eczema Association of USA also recognizes that the anti-itching properties of cannabis can be highly beneficial for eczema patients. Following a human trial, the Association has reported that ‘there are receptors in the skin that interact with cannabinoids that could reduce the symptoms and appearance of atopic dermatitis’. 

  1. Treats acne 

CBD can be a perfect all-round treatment for acne. On one hand, its anti-inflammatory properties take care of the painful condition resulting from acne and soothe the skin. On the other hand, as an effective sebostatic agent regulating the lipid production in our skin, CBD reduces acne breakouts by decreasing the production of excess oil. 

  1. Clears up rosacea 

Like psoriasis, eczema or acne, rosacea is a pretty common skin condition. Around 14 million Americans suffer from this condition which can be painful enough. It causes redness and visible blood vessels in your face and sometimes produces small, red bumps. Like other chronic inflammatory conditions of the skin, symptoms of rosacea can also be alleviated by the cannabinoids which have amazing anti-inflammation potentials. 

  1. Fights bacterial skin infection 

Many studies have found out both THC and CBD have great anti-microbial and anti-bacterial qualities which can help fight skin infections. They are found to be very effective in treating common bacterial infections including boils, folliculitis, cellulitis and impetigo. Cannabis can also combat MRSA, a nasty antibiotic-resistant bacterium that causes infections in various parts of our body. 

You can now understand why people are obsessing about the use of cannabis for skincare. The potential is truly amazing. No other ingredient in nature has such a positive, all-rounder effect on skin health or can combat so many different skin ailments. If applied effectively, cannabis topicals containing CBD and other cannabinoids, vitamins and omega fatty acids can do absolute wonders to your skin. The future is not far when cannabis becomes part of the mainstream skincare routines and beauty regimens all over the world.  

 

Everything You Need to Know About Weed from Seedling to Harvest

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Weed from Seedling to Harvest
Weed from Seedling to Harvest

Nowadays, many marijuana consumers like to grow their own pot. If it is legal in your state, cultivating cannabis at home has a number of benefits. It ensures easy and relatively cheaper access to the herbs and, more importantly, you can rest assured knowing that the quality of the weed is not compromised in any way. In order to be a successful cannabis grower, you need to have a solid understanding of its lifecycle. Even if you have no plan to cultivate weed on your own, this knowledge would definitely make you a more learned connoisseur of marijuana. Hence this post. Here, you’ll learn everything you need to know about the journey of weed from seedling to harvest.

Lifecycle of weed from seedling to harvest

We have been using cannabis since the beginning of human civilization. Neolithic archaeological sites in China bear evidence to the fact that our ancestors knew about the herb some 10,000 to 4,000 years ago. In ancient Egypt, cannabis was used as a therapeutic to treat medical conditions like glaucoma and hemorrhoids. Over the last century, both medical as well as recreational consumption of marijuana have increased all over the world and a number of countries have either decriminalized or fully legalized it. Spending on legal pot in Canada is expected to reach approximately $5.2 billion by 2024. In places where marijuana is legal, there is no dearth of both online and brick-and-mortar physical dispensaries which sell good quality flowers. Still, there is nothing more exciting than growing your own toke. If you are strict on organic farming, there is no better way to ensure that your weed has no toxic pesticides. But cultivating requires knowledge. The very first thing that you need to understand is the complete lifecycle of weed from seedling to harvest. Let’s break down the whole process to the stages and take note of the unique challenges in each stage.

How long is the entire lifecycle?

Cannabis is an annual plant, meaning its full life cycle is completed within a year. There are three varieties of the plant: cannabis sativa, cannabis indica and hybrids. Most of the species reach the end of their lifetime after 4 to 10 months. There are four stages in the life cycle of cannabis:

  1.     Seed germination
  2.     Seedling
  3.     Vegetation
  4.     Flowering

If you buy a ‘clone’ from a cannabis breeder, it is already a seedling. So a grower can effectively skip the first stage of the lifecycle which is germinating the seedling from a seed. Still, let’s begin with what is technically the first stage in the life of a cannabis plant – the seed germination.

  1.     Seed germination stage

Like all other plants, the life of cannabis begins as a seed. Good quality seeds are the most essential element for growing potent cannabis plants. Good weed seeds should be hard, dry and brownish. Another very important lesson: not all seeds produce marijuana that can be smoked, vaped or consumed otherwise. Only female plants produce high-inducing trichome-rich cola flowers. Never forget to separate female seeds from the male ones unless you don’t want to waste your labor in cultivating impotent plants.

It takes 3-10 days for the seeds to germinate. Indica is usually faster than the sativa in this case. First a taproot and a stem shrug off the seed casing and then two cotyledons or seed leaves grow out of the stem. When that happens, you have to understand that the germination stage is now complete.

  1.     Seedling stage

This stage begins with two embryonic leaves growing out of the stem. In this stage, the baby plant develops its root system and the first iconic marijuana leaves appear. The plant goes through the seedling stage for 2-4 weeks. This time is extremely sensitive as the seedlings are prone to mould attacks or other diseases. The grower needs to take special care at this stage of cultivation. Once the plant forms all the leaflets for each of its new leaves, the seedling stage ends.       

  1.     Vegetation or Growth stage

This stage takes 2 to 16 weeks depending on which particular strain you are cultivating. This is the main growing phase when the plant fully takes off. This is the stage when you need to shift the plants to larger pots or to the plot in your backyard. The success of this stage of cultivation depends on whether your plant is getting enough healthy soil, nitrogen-rich organic nutrients, fresh warm water, light and flowing, dry air. Per day 12 to 15 hours of warm sunlight or 18 hours of fluorescent light is usually recommended. Low exposure to light halts the upward growth of cannabis plants. If you can ensure these factors, your plant will grow rapidly and robustly.   

  1.     Flowering and Harvest

This is undoubtedly the most exciting stage in the whole lifecycle while you can watch the trichome-rich ‘fruits’ appearing on the branches and maturing. Usually when the summer fades into fall and the plant starts receiving less sunlight, the plants start reproducing. Those who are cultivating them indoors, can trigger the flowering phase by reducing the light exposure at the end of the vegetation stage.

Cannabis plants require plenty of water at the flowering stage. They are also needed to be trellised so that the weights of the growing buds can be supported. And never prune the plants during this stage, it can upset the hormone balance and ruin the potency of the buds. The buds grow the most at the end of the flowering season. Once your buds are fully matured, it’s time to harvest them. The flowering stage usually takes 6-11 weeks barring autoflowering strains, which can be harvested within a month. Mostly indica varieties take less time – 6-8 weeks. For sativa strains, the harvest time arrives much later – longer than 3 months in some cases.

This is how the lifecycle of weed from seedling to harvest looks like. Now, get some clones from a cannabis breeder and start growing your own marijuana at home!